Building construction materials is the material used in building construction. Most of the materials used are naturally produced, like clay, stones, wood and sand, while others, like plastics and composites, are used from a manufactured source. Aside from naturally occurring resources, most man-made goods are also in use, some slightly more and some less chemically synthetic than the other. The variety of materials that can be used includes concrete, bricks, stucco, ceramic tiles, gypsum plaster, linoleum, marble, granite, limestone, sandstone, ceramic tiles, adobe and marble tiles, countertops, bricks, stucco, plaster, fiberglass, hardwood, granite tiles, marble, granite slabs, ceramic tiles, gypsum plaster, aluminum and copper roofing material, drywall, cement and mortar, drywall paste, hardwood flooring material, marine cement and epoxy resins.
One type of building material is the natural aggregate or concretes, which is formed by nature when volcanic ash, river rock, or other matter that has been cooled by the earth mixes with water and freezes. These materials then become difficult to form, so they must be mixed and leveled out before use. In addition, materials like limestone, terrazzo, gypsum, and chalk are sometimes used as building material, since they have the qualities of being highly ductile and absorbent. But these natural materials have a somewhat lower fire retardant, which limits their use in high-rise buildings or those where there is a great threat of fire tam lop lay sang.
Another type of building material is the recycled building material, which is created by remaking a part or all of an old building. One example of this is precast concrete slabs, which are made from pieces of old building materials and recycled to create new ones. A great advantage of using precast concrete slabs is that they are very low maintenance. Because they are made out of concrete, they have the characteristics of being extremely malleable and easy to shape. Also, they can be carved into various shapes, depending on the desired application.
One more building material that is considered to be a green building material is the recycled plastic. Plastic is one of the most common items used for house walls and roofs. There are many advantages to using recycled plastic, which makes it a popular choice among homeowners. One advantage of recycled plastic is that it is extremely light weight, which makes it easy to transport. The lightweight property of the plastic also makes it easier to handle, and once it has been installed, it is very easy to take apart and reassemble it, if need be.
One type of recycled building material that is popular in some areas of the country is insulated concrete. In insulated concrete, building material such as polystyrene is layered in between two layers of traditional concrete. By insulating the concrete between the polystyrene layer and the concrete, the building will have increased thermal mass, which means the temperature inside will be much colder than it would otherwise be. As a result, heating and cooling costs in the building will be lower, and consequently, energy bills will be lower as well. While this type of insulation is a bit more expensive than other types of insulation, it is the most effective at insulating buildings, which explains why it is so popular.
Green building materials like precast concrete slabs can make a significant difference in the success of any construction project. By choosing high quality, low-cost insulation, the temperature inside can be dramatically reduced, which drastically lowers heating and cooling costs. At the same time, by choosing insulation that uses recycled plastics and polystyrene, building projects can become ecologically friendly and low-cost, as well. Once the building is up and running, however, it is important to ensure that all the right safety precautions are taken, because the insulation does little to keep heat in, and it absorbs a great deal of heat, which can lead to serious problems for people working nearby.